Do you think that you have the scary symptoms of sleep apnea? Stop prolonging your confusion and test your sleep right now with these simple yet incredible steps to diagnose sleep apnea. Scariest sleeping disorder of all times, it is necessary to diagnose and treat this somnipathy before it worsens and kills you!
The first step to on how to test your sleep apnea is by keeping a properly updated sleep diary for 7-14 days. An ideal sleep diary records:
– Duration of sleep
– Time of sleep
– Time of waking up
– Any dreams or nightmares recorded,
– Reaction during the immediate hour of waking up
– Alertness during the day
– Any account of day dreaming
– Record of recurring forgetfulness
– Issues due to least concentration
– Any account of drowsiness
– Any other sleep related events that happened during the waking hours
With a sleep diary, you may not be able to deduce your sleeping disorder in accuracy, but it will enhance the diagnosis when provided to a sleep doctor. Either ways, a sleep diary is mandatory for lucid diagnosis home or clinical diagnosis.
Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea at Home
Sleep apnea being a sleeping disorder, it is easy to live with sleep apnea for your entire life and never know once about it! Nevertheless, if you have a partner, your loud grunts during sleep, might just come to the limelight. Now, thanks to modern technology, one can easily assess the diagnosis of sleep apnea even from the cozy walls of your bedroom.
Before starting the home based test for sleep apnea, make sure you had a day without napping breaks, caffeine, nicotine and alcohol.
Following describes some ways to test sleep apnea at home:
- Requesting a person to watch and record your sleep: an easy, but usually not so foolproof a method, requesting someone else to watch over your sleep is the most popular diagnosis for sleep apnea at home. Acquaint the person of your choice with all factors to watch, record and look out for while you are asleep.
- Record your sleep yourself: record your sleep on your own, by using a recording camera focussed on you, close enough to record any erratic breathing during your sleep. The closer you fit the camera, the better your records would be. Add any inferences from the same in your sleep diary, the next day.
- Home based sleep testing monitor: a portable monitor and sleep apnea test that observes your, oxygen rate in blood, air movements, heart rate and sounds made during the slumber. This can be used to diagnose sleep apnea at home as well as an extra analysis for your sleep doctor to understand your sleep apnea.
How to test sleep apnea in a hospital
With 40 million of the American populous suffering from sleep apnea, sleep medicines, diagnosis and treatment has become better over the age. After confirming that you suffer from sleep apnea from home-based methods, the next step is to approach a sleep clinic. A sleep doctor will utilize your sleep diary and home based sleep testing records to diagnose your disorder, deeper. You will have to spend 1-2 nights of sleep in the clinic to help the doctor observe your sleeping phase with sophisticated equipments.
Following describes some ways by which a sleep doctor diagnoses sleep apnea:
Genetic and Medical History: the first question that is asked to a person when in sleep clinic is the genetic history for accounts of relatives suffering from sleep apnea. Next step is to analyse all possible medical history like collar size, accounts of dementia, High BP and such parameters that aggravate sleep apnea.
- Electroencephalography (EEG): this is used to observe and analyse brain waves in a person. The test observes and records any or all abnormalities present in the transmission of brain waves and its pattern in a sleeping person. EEG is, carried out by fitting tiny-wired electrodes onto the scalp of a person preparing for sleep in the sleep chamber at a clinic.
- Electrooculogram (EOG): this test records the standing potential between the anterior and posterior part of the human eye called corneo-retinal space. The recorded signal itself is called E.O.G/ EOG. The eye movements recorded, helps to determine various sleep phase anomalies in REM sleep of a person.
- Electromyography (EMG): observes muscle activity in a sleeping person and records all facial twitches, limb motion, REM and teeth grinding. This test diagnoses sleep apnea by analysing electrical impulses of the skeletal muscles of our brain.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG): records the rate and rhythm of heart beat in a sleeping person to observe anomalies relevant to sleep apnea diagnosis.
- Pulse Oximetry: measures the levels of oxygenation or saturation level of oxygen in the blood of a sleeping person. This convenient and painless technique employs methods to record the rate of efficiency of transportation of oxygen to some or all parts of the body by rapid detection of oxygen levels in blood. The records are availed through an oximeter probe that looks like a band, which is fitted across the fingers of a sleeping person.
- Polysymnography (PSG): total record of brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, BP, oxygenation, snoring, chest movements, and stages of sleep in a person. This is availed with the help of sensors attached to the scalp, face, finger, neck and chest of a person.
- Chest and Abdominal movement recording: measures the rate of breathing in a sleeping person by observing the movements by the chest and abdomen. This is conducted by placing a medically sensitive band across the chest and abdomen.
- Nasal Airflow record: observes the rate of blockage or flow of air in upper airways with the help of a mask like sensor fitted around the nasal cavity.
- Snore Microphone: records the rate of snoring in a sleeping person;
Sleep apnea is, measured in Apnea Hypoapnea Index (AHI), which measures the total number of times a sleeping person stops breathing for more than ten seconds. While five or below is normal during one hour, 5-15 is labelled as mild, 15-30 as borderline and above 30 as severe sleep apnea.