Milder stages of sleep apnea can be treated by incremental lifestyle changes while severe sleep apnea demands immediate and severe medical attention. In a vast majority of sleep apnea patients today, treatments are, conducted through home remedies first. The primary aim of treating sleep apnea is to relieve the symptoms and restore the regular breathing cycle or circadian rhythm of the body.
Self Help or Home Based Treatment of Sleep apnea
Whenever a sleeping disorder is, diagnosed as mild, the ideal first step to treating it is through self-help. Following provides some of the best ways of implementing self-help remedies from the comfort of your bedroom:
– Obesity causes an overlap of the tissues in the throat, which can even aggravate the sleep apnea to fatal phase as well. In fact, even the subtle most loss in weight, makes a breakthrough difference in the patient. As sleep apnea is, caused by the constriction in the upper airways, majority of its patients find immediate recovery through weight loss. Being overweight adds an inevitable reason to worsening sleep apnea.
– Apart from weight loss programmes, regular exercise such as walking can ease the symptoms of sleep apnea, which in turn can introduce a gradual decrease in the somnipathy itself.
Start with a 30 minutes’ walk in the morning and note the changes observed in the aftermath by adding it to your sleep diary.
Maintain a proper sleeping posture:
– A super effective home remedy for most back pain, maintaining a sleeping posture is also quintessential for treating sleep apnea. The problem with sleeping on your back is that it increases the chance of making your tongue fall into the airway and block it. Hence, stop sleeping on your back. Instead, start sleeping on sides by keeping a pillow between your knees. If sleeping on sides is too uncomfortable for you, sleep on your abdomen. If it is difficult for you to avoid sleeping on your back, sew a couple of tennis balls onto the back of your night robe and sleep.
Maintain proper sleeping routine:
– Sleep apnea has an intrinsic relationship with the circadian rhythm of our body. When this internal clock runs erratic, not only does your sleep worsen up, all your emotional, mental and physical stability also runs awry. To start with, maintain a sleep diary and sleep for 8-9 hours per day.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Masks:
– The most popular and commonly used home remedy for sleep apnea, CPAP masks are fitted on the face of the patient before entering asleep. CPAP masks work by pushing the air into the throat of a person to keep the upper airway open while sleeping. There are a wide variety of CPAP masks available in the market and not everything is perfect for everyone. Make a smart choice while choosing your mask and remember that only the prolonged and accurate use of the equipment will deliver optimum results.
Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure (EPAP) and BiLevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP) Masks:
– EPAP masks are, designed for the single use of a person suffering from mild to severe sleep apnea. The tiny mask is fitted over the nostrils before sleep. It works by allowing the air to enter the airway while inhaling and regulating or limiting the airflow, while exhaling. This leads to an increase of pressure in the upper airway, which also helps in keeping it open. EPAP masks are popular amongst people who generally feel uncomfortable using the grand CPAP set up.
– BiPAP masks are used for therapeutic treatment of sleep apnea by delivering optimum pressurized air to the upper airways in a patient. The mask acts as a splint to prevent the throat muscles from collapsing and obstructing the airway.
Apart from the above, many home remedies like quitting Alcohol and nicotine can make help substantially in curing sleep apnea. Regular and accurate use of oral appliances as well as observation of a strict balanced diet is necessary to make a proper start to treatment of sleep apnea.
Clinical Treatment of Sleep Apnea
The inevitable form of treatment, if a patient suffers from severe sleep apnea or is incapable of treating the same trough home remedies, visiting a sleep clinic can help. After sleep apnea is diagnosed, a variety of surgeries can help in the elimination of the blockage in upper airway. However, all surgeries are dependent on the status of the sleep apnea, medical history of the person and cause of the somnipathy.
Some of the clinical treatments of sleep apnea are:
– Also known as, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, this surgery involves collecting the excess patch of tissue from top and bottom of the mouth to eliminate. Tonsils and adenoids are surgically detached during the same process.
– After anaesthetizing the patient, small plastic rods are inserted into the soft palate of the mouth of a patient. This is also called the pillar procedure for treatment of snoring. Three tiny polyester implants are injected into the palate to stiffen it, which also reduce vibrations and provide structural support for the same.
– The surgery displaces the original position of the jaw to replace it forward, without changing the positions of any other facial bones. Also known as, the maxillomandibular advancement, this surgery extends the available space behind the palate and the tongue, to prevent constriction of the upper airway.
– Creation of a secondary air passage by surgically creating a hole in the neck to insert a tube (metal or plastic) which is closed during the day and open at night, to prevent sleep apnea.
Adaptive Servo-Ventilation (ASV):
– A Modern airflow equipment, which records the breathing pattern of a patient to save it initially as a digital copy. After the patient has drifted off to sleep, this machine utilizes the pressure to introduce a stable breathing pattern and nullify pauses during breaths.
– Providing supplemental oxygen while a patient sleeps can also cure sleep apnea if it is mild.
Apart from the above, one can also sign up for nasal correction and weight-loss surgeries to remove the physical parameters that aggravate sleep apnea. In addition, make sure to discuss all the options available as treatment of sleep apnea with your doctor to understand what suits best for your body.